He cites airplanes radar stations and hydroelectric plants provides “means” to “multiple” ends in this context. By contrast, a hydroelectric plant and its dams and structures transform the river into just one more element in an energy-producing sequence. The best part about both of these water sources is that they’re 100 percent renewable. It’s not to choose sides at all, but to be compassionate for the good, splendid things which change must destroy; the splendid, fine things which are a part of man’s past, part of man’s heritage, too. But they were obsolete and had to go.”, In ‘The Bear’ Faulkner describes the big woods in terms of which Heidegger might approve: ‘ancient’, ‘timeless’, ‘musing’, ‘eternal’, ‘markless’, ‘impervious’, ‘somber’, ‘immemorial’, and ‘impenetrable.’ And in the final part of ‘The Bear’ we can also readily imagine Heidegger’s voice being used to narrate Ike’s response to the destruction and reordering wrought on the woods by the lumber company in only two short years. Here he compares a windmill to a hydroelectric plant. Don’t touch a one of them! But this much remains correct: modern technology too is a means to an end. A key thought sits in Heidegger’s before-and-after comparison of the Rhine River found in “The Question Concerning Technology”: The hydroelectric plant is set into the current of the Rhine. Instead of just drawing from nature, it puts nature (in this case, the Rhine) at our command. The plant "commands" the Rhine. What the river is now, namely, a water power supplier, derives from out of the essence of the power station. Both stuck close to their rural homes for most of their days, shunning radios, TVs and electric appliances, and dressing for roles more like those of their neighbors of earlier times: in Faulkner’s case, a horse farmer; in Heidegger’s, a rural peasant. Even the example of the chalice might seem irrelevant to a discussion of a technological age in which the virtually all of our silversmith's work can be performed by a machine. But this much remains correct: modern technology too is a means to an end. In December 1941, William Faulkner mailed his New York publisher the fourth and final part of a forty-thousand-word short story from his home in Mississippi. He could just have easily drawn his examples from literature. The forester, for example, is at the mercy of the paper industry, which in turn is at the mercy of the print industry, which in turn transforms the reading public into a source of its own profits. So to Aristotle, who is famous for describing four different types of causes for something, a chalice would be indebted to: the silver from which it was made (its material cause); to the silversmith who made it (part of its efficient cause); the idea of chalice or ‘chalice-ness’ that makes it the type of thing it is (the chalice’s formal cause); and to the ends or purposes that a chalice serves (its final cause). THE ESSENCE OF TECHNOLOGY The continuous revealing takes place as man allows himself to be an agent in the setting upon of challenges to nature but Heidegger (1977) argues that this is not mere human doing. Heidegger: The Question Concerning Technology. On the one hand, the hydropower plant reveals the river that supplies it energy simply as another thing standing in reserve. A homebuilder, to this way of thinking, doesn’t just build a house, he reveals it; and a homebuyer realizes it’s a house because it’s no longer concealed in its materials: it has been ‘unconcealed’. For Heidegger modern technology has but one aim: to extract resources from nature in order to store them. The hydroelectric plant is not built into the Rhine River as was the old wooden bridge that joined bank with bank for hundreds of years. To illustrate this "monstrousness", Heidegger uses the example of a hydroelectric plant on the Rhine river which turns the river from an unspoiled natural wonder to just a supplier of hydropower.