The island of Sri Lanka has several extensive coastal wetlands with rich mangrove forest in past. The trees and shrubs are heavily depending on the roots that appear from the water for air to breathe. The island of Sri Lanka is approximately 67,654km2 (6,765,400 hectares). It is estimated that Sri Lanka now only has a quarter of the mangrove forests which it had in the 19th century, with much of the destruction caused by the civil war which raged in the country from … The floristic diversity of mangrove Eco-system in Sri Lanka is rich compared to many countries. For example, the Sri Lanka government has provided legal protection for all national mangrove forests as well as … monk standing on a pontoon in the mangrove swamp of Rekawa lagoon, near Tangalle on the South Coast, Sri Lanka, Indian subcontinent, South Asia. This island was repeatedly separated and connected to the southern tip of India during interglacial periods yet the island’s fauna and flora shows a high degree of endemism. Mangrove Eco-system is also important as a habitat for fauna including birds by providing food and resting and roosting sites to a number of wetland birds including migrant ones. headquarters. United Nations Development Program, 19pp. Successfully implemented mangrove projects of the GNF. Status of Mangroves in Sri Lanka 5 Review STATUS OF MANGROVES IN SRI LANKA K. M. B. C. Karunathilake *) Institute of Fundamental Studies, Hantana Road, Kandy, Sri Lanka Received: September, 5, 2003 ; Accepted: September, 20, 2003 ABSTRACT In Sri Lanka many estuaries and lagoons are fringed with vastly diverse mangrove forests. Table 1 illustrates the floristic diversity of true mangroves. Mangroves are among the most valuable coastal ecosystems. The organizations have implemented several mangrove reforestation projects in close cooperation, therefore they have extensive experience in this area. But the distribution of mangrove forest is far wider in the district of Puttalam (north from Colombo) than other parts of the country. Although Sri Lanka has a strong traditional background in forest conservation (De Zoysa, 2001), the loss of mangroves is still visible (Karunathilake, 2003). Mangrove forests are distributed around the island covering all parts of the country. More than 50 % of the Sri Lanka Mangrove forests have been destroyed irrecoverably in the past 30 years through deforestation, abuse and exploitation – with negative impacts on fishery and the protection against catastrophic flooding events. More than 300 hectares are covered with mangrove forests in the district of Puttalam. Sri Lanka’s turn to mangrove protection is due to new president Maithripala Sirisena who, through the Forest Ordinance Act, declared the commercial exploitation of the area illegal. Sri Lanka becomes the first nation to comprehensively protect all of its mangrove forests, using a model that conservationists hope other nations will adopt. Socio economic status of the huma communities of selected mangrove areas on the west coast of Sri Lanka. Mangrove Protection in Asia (2014 - 2016) Mangrove Rehabilitation in Asia (2012 - 2015) Mangrove Swamp Restoration in Sri Lanka (2010 - 2011) Mangroves are among the most productive ecological and economic resources in Sri Lanka. It is also described as energy-subsidized Eco-system since the tidal currents do much Work in distributing the nutrients. There are natural caves cut out of mangrove branches through which the boat sails. This could be seen in abandoned prawn farms in Puttalam District where pioneer mangroves are growing with other pioneer species. The island of Sri Lanka has several extensive coastal wetlands with rich mangrove forest in past. Special Price US$ 69 (Rs 12144 ), save US$ 15 (Rs 2640), Distribution of mangroves (in hectares) in district level. The total Mangrove forests of Sri Lanka / Image: Teng Wei . When the travellers book a Sri Lanka tour and beach holiday they have a better chance of coming across places, where they can explore mangrove forests. Here are the 2 most popular Sri Lanka boat tours, Bentota River safari; Madu river safari; Saltwater crocs in southern Sri Lanka Mangrove forest sri lanka - download this royalty free Stock Photo in seconds. Mangroves ecosystem is one of the best places to experience the rich diversity of Sri Lankan Fauna and Flora. have been taken by the Department of Wildlife Conservation, Forest Department, Central Environmental Authority and Coast Conservation Department in Sri Lanka to conserve remaining mangrove patches in Sri Lanka . Distribution of mangrove forest in Sri Lanka can be seen throughout the island covering all parts of the country as shown on the map. All of which show high Net Primary Production (NPP) potential, (2008). Learn why Sri Lanka is working to save its remaining mangrove forests, and to plant new ones. Mangroves are a valuable ecological and economic resource to Sri Lanka. It was estimated that some 25% of the island’s original vegetation remained fairly intact; one of the most prevalent ecosystems on the island is the mangrove wetland systems. The zone is typically known as brackish water. They contain a complex salt filtration system and complex root system to cope with salt water immersion and wave action. Undertaking a Sri Lanka boat tour is the best way of exploring valuable mangrove vegetation on the island. Mangrove species of 29 different types have been identified in Sri Lanka so far. According to the Department of Forest Conservation, Sri Lanka is home to more than 20 mangrove species flourishing mainly along the sheltered inertial coastlines associated with estuaries and lagoons. The swampy soil found within these areas makes it possible for mangroves to flourish, where seawater submerge the earth. Most of these wetlands were covered with mangrove ecosystems of various mangrove plant species. Crocodile, water monitor and monkeys are also common animals that can be observed in mangrove forests. Here are the 2 most popular Sri Lanka boat tours. Largest Mangrove Habitats - Puttlam Lagoon - Kala Oya Basin - Trincomalee 12,000 ha The World Conservation Union Trincomalee 2043 TOTAL 12189 ha Mullaitive 428 Kalutara 12 Jaffna 2276 Galle 238 Kilinochchi 770 Matara 7 Puttalam 3210 Hambanatota 576 Gampaha 313 Ampara 100 Colombo 39 Batticaloa 1303 Extent of mangroves in coastal districts As highlighted by environmentalists, the Forest Department should take immediate action to stop the destruction of these mangroves from any sort of human activity. Human population living near the coast also have benefited from the mangroves as it provides many benefits for their livelihoods. Mangrove Forest and River Excursions in Sri Lanka Mangroves are a unique ecosystems found in coastal areas and usually at the mouths of rivers. Investing in the future of the Sri Lankan people. Undertaking a Sri Lanka boat tour is the best way of exploring valuable mangrove vegetation on the island. When Sri Lanka was hit by a tsunami in 2004, some areas were protected by mangrove forests.Sri Lanka saves its mangroves Mangroves are trees which -- unlike almost all other plants -- thrive in saltwater. jonnycantos wrote a review Mar 2020. Fish & shrimp farms, all within mangrove forest. Sri Lanka’s new museum is part of a project launched last year that aims to protect the country’s 8,800 hectares of mangrove forests and restore 3,900 hectares. About 29 mangrove species are found in Sri Lanka and they are distributed in mainly in Negombo, Kalutara, Bentota. Sri Lanka is abundant with forests, grasslands, wetlands, marine and coastal habitats, inland and aquatic vegetation are of special significance. Especially Mangroves of Sri Lanka help to protect the coast from tidal currents and other adverse factors such as Tsunami. Because of their importance, several community-based mangrove restoration projects have been implemented in Sri Lanka aimed at protecting and rehabilitating this all important ecosystem. In addition, the diversity of mangrove associates is also a unique feature in the mangroves of this country. Though the island-nation is primarily renowned for its pristine beaches, the shallow waters which hug the coastline are home to some of the world’s most beautiful mangrove lagoons. 3 NATIONAL PARKS FOR BEST ELEPHANT SAFARI IN SRI LANKA, Sri Lanka Splendour-7 days $490 P.P Sigiriya, Dambulla, Polonnaruwa, Kandy, Beach, Insight Into Sri Lankan Culture- 2 days tour Sigiriya, Dambulla, Kandy, Pinnawala, S, Galle one day private tour with Bentota, Madu safari from Colombo and west coast, Sinharaja one day private tour from 140+ hotel, all-inclusive $55 P.P, 14 days Sri Lanka grand tour with cultural triangle, hills country, Yala safari and beach holiday, Adventure filled thrilling 6 days-white water rafting, bird watching, rainforest trek, wildlife safari, whale watching, trekking, hiking…, 2 days tour with full day Yala safari, Galle Fort, Bentota, boat tour, south coast, 5 – Day Sri Lanka Heritage Private Tour (all-inclusive)-US$ 580 P.P, 2-hour boat tour at Madu exploring rich fauna, flora and mangrove forest. Mangroves are halophytes, which adapted to harsh coastal life conditions. When Sri Lanka was hit by a tsunami in 2004, some areas were protected by mangrove forests. No membership needed. This study investigated the effectiveness of mangrove planting initiatives in Sri Lanka. Meanwhile, Centre for Environmental Justice (CEJ) Executive Director Hemantha Withanage stressed that the mangrove cover in Sri Lanka has been drastically reduced during the last decade. The intertidal mangroves are important as a nursery ground for the fish and prawns due to the micro-climate provided by the mangrove trees and the enhancement of nutrients from the decomposing leaves. This forest type spread over a small area around the country. CRITICALLY IMPORTANT. It is now illegal to fell mangroves, and Sri Lanka has become the world’s first country to protect the entirety of its mangrove forests: but immense damage has already been done. About 29 mangrove species are found in Sri Lanka and they are distributed in mainly in Negombo, Kalutara, Bentota. Sri Lanka’s government and environmentalists are working to protect tens of thousands of acres of mangrove forests — the seawater-tolerant trees that help protect and build landmasses, better absorb carbon from the environment mitigating effects of global warming and reducing impact of natural disasters like tsunamis. Mangroves are a very valuable contributor to the biodiversity of the island and they are mostly seen in the areas of beaches, lagoons and bays. This is due to the diversity of climatic, edaphic and hydrological aspects of the coastal region. The trees are highly adapted to the aquatic environment where the water has a high concentration of salt. It is one of the most important forest types for the human as well as many species of aqua floral species and many fauna species. Mangroves enable the formation of sand dunes creating natural protection against sea erosion. 15 Photos. All of which show high Net Primary Production (NPP) potential, (2008). Sri Lanka (about Sri Lanka) beautiful Tropical Island is endowed with many types of natural vegetation. Even the travellers who book Sri Lanka beach holiday packages have the opportunity to see these mangroves. Environmentalists have opposed plans to establish shrimp farms in the Vidattaltivu nature reserve, home to an important mangrove forest and biodiversity-rich marine habitat in northern Sri Lanka. The mangrove ecosystem is considered to be very productive, fragile and resourceful. Some of the mangrove plants are used as vegetable and fruits while some of them are used to make medicines in Ayurveda. Koggala river safari is a popular activity to explore mangroves, avian fauna species and other riverine vegetation among the travellers in Galle, Unawatuna, Koggala and other beach resorts in southern Sri Lanka. 99% guaranteed whale watching trip with southern Sri Lanka, all-inclusive $99 P.P. Nagenahiru Foundation is a community based non-profit, non governmental organization registered in Sri Lanka under the social services Act No; 31 of 1998 and operating since 1991. Mangroves in Sri Lanka shows a wide distribution covering most parts of the island, which estimated about 0.34% of the total land area or 6000 – 7000 ha is a very important Eco-system which provides a wide array of benefits to humans as well as for the balance of nature. They provide habitats for species of marine fauna and flora, especially breeding and nesting grounds for fish, along with food and livelihoods for local communities. All reviews fish farm hindu temple local tour guide sri lanka boat cinnamon birds safari farms pp nature. In 2015, Sri Lanka became the first country in the world to implement a nationwide scheme to protect all its mangrove forests. Madu River: This Mangrove forest is unique - See 649 traveler reviews, 1,294 candid photos, and great deals for Balapitiya, Sri Lanka, at Tripadvisor. Poverty Mitigation & Community Empowerment. Solar LED Fishing Lamps To Mitigate Poverty & Climate Impact. Madu riverboat trip at Balapitiya, Boat tour at Muthurajawela, Koggala river safari in Galle, and Negombo lagoon are the most popular places among the travellers to explore Sri Lanka mangroves and riverine vegetation. Current rates of mangrove destruction are roughly estimated at around 150,000 hectares (370,050 acres) per year, or about 1% per annum, according to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization Almost 225,000 metric tons of carbon sequestration potential is lost each year with current rates of mangrove destruction. Epic adventure on the mangrove wetlands of Balapitiya, Sri Lanka. The Sri Lanka Mangrove Conservation Project IMPROVING LIVES IN SRI LANKA. The Sri Lankan government has contributed towards the goals of the SLMCP through legislation and regulation (Wickramasinghe, 2017). The travellers are able to touch and feel this valuable eco-system in some areas of the island. Mysterious mangrove forest, Madu Ganga, Sri Lanka. One of the important functions of the mangrove forest is protecting the land against sea erosion due to the high tide and low tide. The launch coincides with the first anniversary of a national project to preserve all of the island’s mangrove forests, which are seen as a vital resource for mitigating the effects of climate change. All the lagoons and estuaries in Sri Lanka were included in the study. Seacology, a nonprofit environmental conservation organization, is helping Sri Lanka become the first nation in history to preserve and replant all of its mangrove forests.. As a result, Sri Lanka is on a path to be a model for other countries wishing to build conservation capacity and economic prosperity in communities where healthy mangroves are most critical – small fishing villages. Mangrove forests create a rich unique bio-diversity around it, attracting large number animal species, aqua bird species, fish species and other animal species. Jaffna – ThndamaAru lagoon, Nayaru lagoon, Kanni kadol lagoon and Kokilai lagoon. Negombo Lagoon and Muthurajawela are located near the airport and accessible to travellers in Negombo, Maravilla and Colombo. These conservation activities involve the establishment of … Most of these wetlands were covered with mangrove ecosystems of various mangrove plant species. Mangrove forests have a unique blend of Flora and Fauna that cannot be discovered in other forests on the island. July 08 (Mongabay) MANNAR, Sri Lanka — The Vidattaltivu coastal belt in Sri Lanka’s north was once home to the marine unit of the Tamil Tiger guerrilla group, known as the “Sea Tigers.” These forests harbour a large number of aquatic avian fauna species such as kingfisher, herons. a Mangrove forest at the Bentota River in Sri Lanka Sunny day in mangrove forest, Sri Lanka, Asia Fantasy jungle landscape of turquoise tropical lake in mangrove rain forest. The rich species diversity has given a more established less fragile character to the mangrove Eco-system. The vegetation in mangrove forest is mainly consisting of shrubs and trees. It is a rich source of food and inhabited by a large number of fish species including crabs and shrimps. Even some of the multiday Sri Lanka road trips cover these mangrove bays. Sri Lanka Boat tour at Madu estuary with southern Sri Lanka. * Civil war didn’t hurt this Sri Lankan mangrove forest, but shrimp farming might Wed, Jul 8, 2020, 07:27 am SL Time, ColomboPage News Desk, Sri Lanka. They are adapted to the low oxygen (anoxic) conditions of waterlogged mud. Sound mangrove management can provide adaptation strategies such as increasing resilience of the coastal line and its inhabitants, as well as providing new livelihoods options to the local communities. Seacology, a nonprofit environmental conservation organization, is helping Sri Lanka become the first nation in history to preserve and replant all of its mangrove forests. Book Mangrove Escapes, Bentota on Tripadvisor: See 44 traveler reviews, 30 candid photos, and great deals for Mangrove Escapes, ranked #18 of 30 hotels in Bentota and rated 4.5 of 5 at Tripadvisor. What are the 20 Best Places to visit in Sri Lanka in December? Very importantly, they can provide protection from the impacts of climate change, including sea-level rises and coastal erosion caused by storm surges and extreme weather events. Tour operators such as seerendipity tours organize Sri Lanka one day tours to many places including tourists attractions such as mangroves. Mangroves are shrubs or small trees that normally grow in varied regions of tropical and subtropical coastal waters, where saline water and freshwater normally meets. What are the most important mangrove forests in Sri Lanka? With the increase of human population, the demand for these vital Eco-systems has been increased to a rather unsustainable level and thus the depletion of the resource in many areas of the country. According to the Department of Forest Conversation, Sri Lanka is home to over 20 mangrove species. Madu River is located near the popular Bentota beach resort and easily accessible for travellers who spend a beach holiday in Bentota, Kalutara, Ambalangoda and Hikkaduwa. Mangrove ecosystems occasional papers, III. #CNN #News. Same times it provides the best nesting habitat for many avian fauna species.