3. German chamomile is taller than the Roman variety. Your seedling should be all set to grow! It can grow up to about 1 foot tall and it has thicker leaves than German chamomile. If you are buying chamomile fresh or growing the herb yourself, you can tell German and Roman chamomiles apart by the lengths of their stems. Native to the Mediterranean region, used by ancient Egyptians, and first recorded in England in 1265, Roman chamomile is cultivated throughout Europe and other temperate areas of the world. You should only have to water your chamomile plants once a week once they are fully grown. Roman Chamomile – Chamaemelum nobile (or Anthemis nobilis) – is considered real Chamomile. This evergreen plant grows to … It’s a low growing perennial herb most commonly found in dry fields and gardens. The European cultivation of the plant started in England in the 16th century. Chamomile has anti-inflammatory properties and can help sooth mouth ulcers, canker sores, or irritated gums. This variety is most commonly referred to as “ Roman” chamomile. Chamomile is a natural moisturizer and delivers antioxidants deep into the skin where they can help repair and prevent free radical damage. Taken before bedtime, warm chamomile tea is … Some people experience redness and itchiness when chamomile is applied directly to the skin. The downfall to using an oven, is that you risk the chance of cooking your flowers as opposed to drying them. The best time to harvest is right after your chamomile has fully bloomed. Harvest the flowers just as they begin to open. The plant was listed first in the pharmacopoeia of Würtenberg as a carminative, painkiller, diuretic and digestive aid. Roman chamomile is a perennial plant that grows close to the ground with small flowers. This is an important step, and when choosing your chamomile’s ultimate location, keep in mind that they prefer well-drained, sandy soil and full sun. German Chamomile Vs Roman Chamomile Both types of herbs are grown and commercially sold as “chamomile” because they have similar, if not the same properties. To harvest, simply take a pair of pruning shears and cut the stem along the base of the plant. This is a perennial plant (meaning it lives for more than 2 years). It was used during the Middle Ages as a “strewing herb”—an herb placed on paths to release its pleasant aroma when walked upon. The flowers, up to one inch across, have a hollow, cone-shaped receptacle, with tiny yellow disk flowers covering the cone. German Chamomile: Native to Europe, Western Asia, and North America, its oil is used for anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Roman chamomile (C. nobile L.) is known as a medicinal plant from the middle ages. Doing this routine for a few days will strengthen your seedlings and give them a better chance at surviving. I would also recommend giving your seedlings a little boost with some fertilizer. It is used as an earth-friendly lawn substitute in England. Taken before bedtime, warm chamomile tea is also very effective for the treatment of insomnia. It is most often used as a landscape plant. Roman chamomile is an attractive, fragrant alternative to lawn grass for areas that receive light traffic. Roman Chamomile vs German Chamomile Essential Oil Two members of the chamomile plant widely used today are the Roman chamomile and German chamomile. Roman chamomile and German chamomile. Fill the rest of the space in the hole with the soil that you dug up, and gently pat the dirt around the plant to make it level with the ground. Roman Chamomile. Simple. A very aromatic herb perfect for a relaxing cup of tea any time of the day. I compare different ways of drying in my article, How To Dry Tea Leaves, and I would strongly recommend your reading it before choosing your ultimate approach. Low-growing, spreading, with creeping rhizomes. If you plant Roman chamomile, be sure to select a permanent spot or consider growing it in a container. If using an oven, set the temperature to the lowest setting, 170-180 F, and check them occasionally. The best way to ensure germination is to scatter your seeds and then gently press them into the soil. Keep them in a place where they have access to plenty of sun and lightly water them as you notice the soil becoming too dry. An infusion of it is also said to prevent damping off in seedlings. It is is a low growing carpeting hardy perennial plant that grows about 10 – 30 cm tall. This low-growing herb is rugged enough to be kept and maintained like a lawn. Store them wrapped in a paper towel, zipped into a Ziploc in the fridge for a few days. Roman Chamomile is one of those small plants that packs a big aromatic punch. It does well to remain in hardiness zones 5-8. Essential oil of chamomile is used in perfumes, shampoos, lotions, bath oils, and salves. Roman Chamomile is a low growing carpeting hardy perennial plant that grows about 10 – 30 cm (12 inches) tall. Space the plants 6 inches apart and water regularly until the plants form a solid groundcover. This can ruin the essential oils that bring flavor and medicinal benefits to your tea. German chamomile is an annual which can self-sow profusely. The plant has hairy stem and leaves are alternate, bi-pinnate, finely dissected, and downy to glabrous. Oven-drying take anywhere from 1-2 hours. Roman chamomile can also cause contact dermatitis in sensitive individuals. It’s native to southern and western Europe, and north Africa. Wash the leaves and pat them dry with paper towels. Propagate by division in early spring. To learn how to grow and dry your own mint leaves, click here. A chamomile infusion can also be used to add golden highlights to your hair. Upon reaching this stage, taking care of your chamomile plants will be fairly easy and will mainly consist of watering and weeding. Bring water to a hard boil using a kettle or, Remove water from the stove and place your lavender flowers in either a, Let it steep for 5-10 minutes (please note that the longer the steeping time, the more flavorful the tea), Remove loose leaf flowers and add honey (optional), Remove water from the stove and place your loose leaf flowers in either a, 2 tablespoons fresh chamomile flowers (or 1 teaspoon, 2 tablespoons fresh mint leaves (or 1 teaspoon. Drying time will depend on your dehydrator and temperature, but expect 1-4 hours. Chamomile is the herb that I always seem to want more of, so if you’re looking to get a good harvest of flowers, I would strongly recommend buying a package of seeds. Roman chamomile spreads via rhizome and can take over an area if you aren’t careful. Though different in scent, these two oils share similar properties in aromatherapy such as: Supporting a sense of tranquility** Balancing and soothing the emotions** Offering a sense of serenity** The name “chamomile” comes from the Greek chamaimelon, meaning “apple on the ground,” due to the strong applelike scent that emerges when the plant’s foliage is stepped on or crushed. It also aids with indigestion and painful gas. They need to be crisp and dry to last a long time. This will quicken your plant’s growth as well as improve it’s overall wellbeing. The English variety is a perennial with white flowers and lacy foliage, suitable for gardeners in USDA Hardiness Zones 4-11. If using a food dehydrator, set the temperature to 95-115 F. and place your flowers on the racks inside, dispersing them evenly. Chamomile oil is available from two species: Roman Chamomile and German Chamomile. ‘Treneague’, a nonflowering cultivar, is known as lawn chamomile. How to Grow Roman Chamomile. The leaves are feathery. Roman chamomile has also been traditionally used for its calming and relaxing properties. Accomplishing these two tasks frequently will be all that is necessary to keep your chamomile thriving. Commonly found in herbal teas and infusions, chamomile can aid relaxation and sleep. Roman Chamomile can be distinguished from most of these species by its highly fragrant foliage and crushed flowerheads, which have an apple-pineapple scent. English camomile leaves are larger and thicker than German camomile leaves, without the same bipinnate style, and the stems are hairless. Chamomile tea is one of the most popular herbal teas preferred by tea drinkers. It does well to remain in hardiness zones 5-8. The flowers and the leaves of it also smell of apples, but while the essential oil of this plant is useful, it doesn’t contain high levels of azulene, so it’s a clear oil. German Chamomile is an annual that can grow to be 2 feet tall at its peak growth stage. Miscellaneous: Roman chamomile is a perennial plant that comes back year after year from its roots. So far you’ve done a lot of work to grow these flowers yourself, planting the seeds, weeding, watering, harvesting, and most importantly, using your time. Although there are multiple varieties of Chamomile, the two most common are Roman Chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile) and German Chamomile (Matricaria recutita). As well as a soothing tea, chamomile leaves … Infuse chamomile flowers in almond oil. This perennial plant makes a solid, low-growing ground cover and looks nice lining a walkway or tumbling over a garden wall. Plant seeds or nursery-grown plants in spring or fall. Caution: Although Roman chamomile is a very safe, time-tested herb, it can provoke an allergic reaction in people sensitive to ragweed or other members of the aster family. They’re used in … The flowers, leaves, and stems of both plants can be used to make wonderful tea. Roman chamomile loves well-drained, fertile soil. It is at this time that your flowers will carry their best flavor and hold the strongest medicinal benefits.